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Explore historical places in Tokaido Shukuba-machi Post Towns: Hiratsuka-shuku Post Town course

Shonan Area 4h45m

Nine shuku (post station) were set along the old Tokaido thoroughfare within Kanagawa Prefecture; they were located in Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Hodogaya, Totsuka, Fujisawa, Hiratsuka, Oiso, Odawara, and Hakone. This tour explores some of the shuku-related historical sites such as the "Stone Monument (tsuka) of Hiratsuka", which is the legendary origin of the name "Hiratsuka", and other historical sites in Hiratsuka Shuku, the 7th post station in the 53 Stations of the Tokaido.

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Okiku-zuka Tomb

The tomb of Okiku stands silently in the corner of Beniya-cho Park in Hiratsuka city. Okiku is a tragic heroine in "Bancho Sara Yashiki," a famous ghost story from the Edo Period. Okiku silently rests in peace in her hometown Hiratsuka, which still bustles with people.

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Edoguchi Mitsuke Sentry Station Site

Hiratsuka-shuku (posting station) used to stretch 1km along the former Tokaido Road between "Edo-mitsuke (sentry station)", the gateway on Edo side, and "Kyogata-mitsuke' on the Kyoto side. Edoguchi Mitsuke was restored based on the picture Count Balbarani, the Italian ambassador to Japan in the early Meiji Period, brought home with him.

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Waki Honjin Site (Sub official inn)

In shukuba (posting station) in the Edo Period, there was an official hotel called Honjin for Edo shogunate officials and daimyo to stay in. Waki Honjin was a sub-honjin to complement and support Honjin. There was only one Waki Honjin in Hiratsuka-shuku, which used to stand here.

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Kousatsu-jo Site (Old bulletin board)

Kousatsu-jo was a place where the most basic laws and regulations decreed by shogunate or feudal lords were posted on a 'bulletin board', which was set in each shukuba (posting station) as well as in villages. On a bulletin board in Hiratsuka-shuku, along with other decrees, official passage fees to neighboring Fujisawa-shuku and Ooiso-shuku were also displayed.

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Honjin-kyu Site (Former official inn)

Honjin was a high-class inn set up in each post town (shukuba-machi) on the Tokaido Road during the Edo period; daimyo on the way to and from Edo (Tokyo) as well as court nobles (kuge) and shogunate officials stayed there. Hiratsuka-shuku Honjin had 20 rooms on a floor space of 538㎡ (163-tsubo) with a gate, entrance, and jodan-no-ma (raised floor).

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Kyogata Mitsuke Sentry Station Site

This is the spot where the scenery from the woodblock print "Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido: Hiratsuka Nawate-michi " by Utagawa Hiroshige the first is said to have been viewed. In this masterpiece, Nawate-michi (path between paddy fields) and Hanamizu River are drawn in the foreground with Mt. Koma in the background.

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Mound (tsuka) of Hiratsuka

The Stone Monument of Hiratsuka stands in the Hiratsuka Mound Green Park, which is located a short distance from the former Tokaido Road. One theory claims this place to be the origin of the name Hiratsuka. Legend has it that a princess by the name of Taira-no-Masako passed away and her coffin was laid underground; people built a burial mound on it but somehow the mound's surface was flat. The ...

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